Shivaratri Celebrations in India are marked with devotion and religious fervor. Joy is writ large on the faces of millions of Lord Shiva devotees as they start preparing for the biggest Lord Shiva festival in advance. Celebrations of Shivaratri began with the break of the dawn on the Shivratri day and continue all though the night. Devotees observe fast and spend the day in devotion and worship of Lord Shiva. Many worshippers also participate in the jaagran or the night vigil organized in various Shiva temples across the country. Devotees believe that sincere observance of Shivaratri puja and all night worship of Lord Shiva will absolve them of all their sins and liberate them from the cycle of birth and death.
Shivaratri Celebrations in Temples
After the ritual bath, preferably in the sacred waters of river Ganga,
devotees pay a visit to the nearest Lord Shiva temple carrying the
traditional puja items like milk, water, bel leaves, fruits, incense
stick, oil lamp etc. Due to massive popularity of the festival several
stalls selling puja items come up outside the temple and do a thriving
In the bigger and more popular Shiva temples there is massive rush of
devotees. Long queues can be noticed as devotees, mostly women, wait for
their turn to perform puja. Since, bathing of Shiva Linga with milk is
part of the Shivaratri Puja tradition; little rivers are formed due to
the excessively overflowing milk and fruit in the Shiva temples on this
Ritual worship of Shiva Linga is done by temple priests every three
hours all through the day and night of Shivaratri Festival. Shouts of Shivaji
ki Jai, chanting of the mantra, Om Namah Shivaya and
ringing of temple bells make the atmosphere religious and devotional.
Nightlong vigil on Shivratri or the Jaagran is celebrated by singing of
devotional hymns and songs in worship of Lord Shiva. And, it is only in
the following morning that the devotees break their fast by consuming
prasad offered to the Lord.
Shivaratri Celebrations by Women
Shivratri Festival is particularly awaited by Hindu women. On
Shivaratri, married and unmarried women perform puja with great faith,
as Goddess Parvati who is also called 'Gaura', is regarded as the giver
of 'suhag' - good husbands, marital bliss and a long and prosperous
married life. One can therefore see find women enthusiastically
observing the fast and performing the rituals Shiva Pujas on the day.
Tradition of Drinking Thandai
Since Lord Shiva is regarded as an ascetic god, Maha Shivratri is very
popular with ascetics. Thandai, a drink made with bhang (cannabis),
almonds, and milk, is essentially drunk by the devout on the day as
cannabis is said to have been very dear to Shiva.